Tesla posted record deliveries in the first quarter despite a global chip shortage that has slammed auto sector rivals, but its profit was not driven by auto sales.
Tesla, which had invested $1.5 billion in bitcoin, trimmed its position by 10% during the quarter, said Chief Financial Officer Zachary Kirkhorn. Tesla said proceeds from sales of digital assets amounted to $272 million with a $101 million "positive impact".
"We do believe long term in the value of bitcoin," he said. "It is our intent to hold what we have long term and continue to accumulate bitcoin from transactions from our customers as they purchase vehicles."
Musk tweeted that he has not sold any of his personal bitcoins.
Tesla has posted profits for seven quarters in a row, most quarters driven by environmental credits.
Tesla earned $518 million from sales of those credits, up 46% from a year earlier. Tesla earns credits for exceeding emissions and fuel economy standards and sells them to other automakers that fall short.
Net profit was dented by a $299 million award to Chief Executive Elon Musk. Tesla's quarterly performance hit targets qualifying the billionaire entrepreneur for two
options payouts worth a combined $11 billion. (Graphic on options payout)
' style='max-width:600px;display:block' />
"Higher regulatory credits, lower taxes, and bitcoin sales buoyed financial results. Back these out, and it was a large miss," Roth Capital Partners analyst Craig Irwin said.
Shares of the company were down about 2% in extended trading.
Tesla posted record deliveries in the first quarter despite a global chip shortage that has slammed auto sector rivals.
Still, the world's most valuable automaker, whose shares jumped more than eight-fold last year, faces challenges of living up to its valuation and managing expectations.
The company said it was able to navigate through global chip supply shortage issues in part by pivoting quickly to new chips, while simultaneously developing software for chips made by new suppliers.
Musk said it had "some of the most difficult supply chain challenges," citing a chip shortage. "We're mostly out of that particular problem," he said.
Its vehicle average selling price fell by 13% as production of pricier Model S and Model X vehicles ground to a halt ahead of major updates.
Tesla said its costs decreased, with its average cost per vehicle below $38,000 in the first quarter, compared with $84,000 in 2017.
Tesla will start deliveries of the new Model S next month and high-volume production in the third quarter. The Model Y production rate in Shanghai continued to improve, spurring demand in China.
Tesla said it expects this year's volume growth to exceed 50%, while saying that it is on track to start production and deliveries at its planned factories in Texas and Berlin this year.
Revenue rose to $10.39 billion from $5.99 billion a year earlier. Analysts had expected revenue of $10.29 billion, according to IBES data from Refinitiv.
Adjusted profit of 93 cents per share topped Wall Street's consensus of 79 cents.
In the United States, Tesla's full self-driving software is facing new federal investigations following 28 crashes of Tesla vehicles, including a recent one in Texas that killed two.
On a call with investors, Tesla said it inspected the car with investigators and found that the steering wheel was deformed, raising the likelihood that someone was likely in the driver's seat at the time of the crash.
"Seatbelts post-crash were found to be unbuckled," a Tesla official said during a call.
"We're unable to recover the data from the SD card at the time of impact, but the local authorities are working on doing that and we await their report."
Neither federal investigators nor police immediately responded to calls seeking to confirm Tesla's account. Police last week told Reuters that they would send the company a subpoena to get the data the car transmitted to the cloud before the fiery crash.
(Reporting by Hyunjoo Jin in Berkeley, California and Akanksha Rana in Bengaluru; Additional reporting by Joe White in Detroit, Subrat Patnaik and Kanishka Singh in Bengaluru and Noel Randewich in Oakland, California; Editing by Peter Henderson and Lisa Shumaker)
By Hyunjoo Jin and Akanksha Rana