Log in
E-mail
Password
Show password
Remember
Forgot password ?
Become a member for free
Sign up
Sign up
New member
Sign up for FREE
New customer
Discover our services
Settings
Settings
Dynamic quotes 
OFFON

ACCENTURE PLC

(ACN)
  Report
SummaryQuotesChartsNewsRatingsCalendarCompanyFinancialsConsensusRevisions 
SummaryMost relevantAll NewsAnalyst Reco.Other languagesPress ReleasesOfficial PublicationsSector newsMarketScreener Strategies

ACCENTURE : Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K Condition and Results of Operations 29 (form 10-K)

10/15/2021 | 07:05am EST
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results
of Operations
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our
Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes included elsewhere in this
Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion and analysis also contains
forward-looking statements and should also be read in conjunction with the
disclosures and information contained in "Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking
Statements" and "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
We use the terms "Accenture," "we," the "Company," "our" and "us" in this report
to refer to Accenture plc and its subsidiaries. All references to years, unless
otherwise noted, refer to our fiscal year, which ends on August 31. For example,
a reference to "fiscal 2021" means the 12-month period that ended on August 31,
2021. All references to quarters, unless otherwise noted, refer to the quarters
of our fiscal year.
We use the term "in local currency" so that certain financial results may be
viewed without the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations,
thereby facilitating period-to-period comparisons of business performance.
Financial results "in local currency" are calculated by restating current period
activity into U.S. dollars using the comparable prior-year period's foreign
currency exchange rates. This approach is used for all results where the
functional currency is not the U.S. dollar.
Overview
Accenture plc is a leading global professional services company, providing a
broad range of services in strategy and consulting, interactive, technology and
operations. We serve clients in three geographic markets: North America, Europe
and Growth Markets (Asia Pacific, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East). We
help our clients build their digital core, transform their operations, and
accelerate revenue growth-creating tangible value across their enterprises at
speed and scale.
Highlights from fiscal 2021 compared with fiscal 2020 included:
•Revenues of $50.5 billion, representing 14% growth in U.S. dollars and 11%
growth in local currency;
•New bookings of $59.3 billion, an increase of 20% in U.S. dollars;
•Operating margin of 15.1%, a 40 basis point expansion from fiscal 2020;
•R&D spend of $1.1 billion; and
•Cash returned to shareholders of $5.9 billion, including share purchases of
$3.7 billion and dividends of $2.2 billion.
In fiscal 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic continued to impact our business
operations and financial results. We saw strong demand across our business in
the second half of the year as customers accelerated their digital
transformation. Revenues for the second half of fiscal 2021 grew 22% in U.S.
dollars and 18% in local currency compared to the same period in fiscal 2020.
Summary of Results
Revenues for fiscal 2021 increased 14% in U.S. dollars and 11% in local currency
compared to fiscal 2020. This included the impact of a decline in reimbursable
travel costs, which reduced revenues approximately 1%. During fiscal 2021,
revenue growth in local currency was very strong in North America and Growth
Markets and strong in Europe. We experienced local currency revenue growth that
was very strong in Health & Public Service, Communications, Media & Technology,
Financial Services and Products and slight in Resources. Revenue growth in local
currency was very strong in outsourcing and strong in consulting during fiscal
2021. The business environment remained competitive. In many areas, our pricing,
which we define as the contract profitability or margin on the work that we
sell, was lower.
In our consulting business, revenues for fiscal 2021 increased 13% in U.S.
dollars and 9% in local currency compared to fiscal 2020. This included the
impact of a decline in reimbursable travel costs, which reduced consulting
revenues

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                30


approximately 2%. Consulting revenue growth in local currency in fiscal 2021 was
led by very strong growth in Growth Markets and strong growth in North America
and Europe. Our consulting revenue continues to be driven by helping our clients
accelerate their digital transformation, including moving to the cloud,
embedding security across the enterprise and adopting new technologies. In
addition, clients continue to be focused on initiatives designed to deliver cost
savings and operational efficiency, as well as projects to accelerate growth and
improve customer experiences.
In our outsourcing business, revenues for fiscal 2021 increased 15% in U.S.
dollars and 13% in local currency compared to fiscal 2020. Outsourcing revenue
growth in local currency in fiscal 2021 was led by very strong growth in North
America and Growth Markets and strong growth in Europe. We continue to
experience growing demand to assist clients with application modernization and
maintenance, cloud enablement and managed security services. In addition,
clients continue to be focused on transforming their operations through data and
analytics, automation and artificial intelligence to drive productivity and
operational cost savings.
As we are a global company, our revenues are denominated in multiple currencies
and may be significantly affected by currency exchange rate fluctuations. The
majority of our revenues are denominated in currencies other than the U.S.
dollar, including the Euro, Japanese yen, and U.K. pound. There continues to be
volatility in foreign currency exchange rates. Unfavorable fluctuations in
foreign currency exchange rates have had and could in the future have a material
effect on our financial results. If the U.S. dollar weakens against other
currencies, resulting in favorable currency translation, our revenues, revenue
growth and results of operations in U.S. dollars may be higher. If the U.S.
dollar strengthens against other currencies, resulting in unfavorable currency
translation, our revenues, revenue growth and results of operations in U.S.
dollars may be lower. The U.S. dollar weakened against various currencies during
fiscal 2021, resulting in favorable currency translation and U.S. dollar revenue
growth that was approximately 3% higher than our revenue growth in local
currency for the year. Assuming that exchange rates stay within recent ranges,
we estimate that our fiscal 2022 revenue growth in U.S. dollars will be
approximately 0.5% lower than our revenue growth in local currency.
The primary categories of operating expenses include Cost of services, Sales and
marketing and General and administrative costs. Cost of services is primarily
driven by the cost of client-service personnel, which consists mainly of
compensation, subcontractor and other personnel costs, and non-payroll costs on
outsourcing contracts. Cost of services includes a variety of activities such
as: contract delivery; recruiting and training; software development; and
integration of acquisitions. Sales and marketing costs are driven primarily by:
compensation costs for business development activities; marketing- and
advertising-related activities; and certain acquisition-related costs. General
and administrative costs primarily include costs for non-client-facing
personnel, information systems, office space and certain acquisition-related
costs.
Utilization for fiscal 2021 was 93%, up from 90% in fiscal 2020. We hire to meet
current and projected future demand. We proactively plan and manage the size and
composition of our workforce and take actions as needed to address changes in
the anticipated demand for our services and solutions, given that compensation
costs are the most significant portion of our operating expenses. Our workforce,
the majority of which serves our clients, increased to approximately 624,000 as
of August 31, 2021, compared to 506,000 as of August 31, 2020. The
year-over-year increase in our workforce reflects an overall increase in demand
for our services and solutions, as well as people added in connection with
acquisitions. For fiscal 2021, attrition, excluding involuntary terminations,
was 14%, up from 12% in fiscal 2020. For the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021,
annualized attrition, excluding involuntary terminations, was 19%, up from 17%
in the third quarter of fiscal 2021. We evaluate voluntary attrition, adjust
levels of new hiring and use involuntary terminations as means to keep our
supply of skills and resources in balance with changes in client demand. In
addition, we adjust compensation in certain skill sets and geographies in order
to attract and retain appropriate numbers of qualified employees. For the
majority of our personnel, compensation increases become effective December 1st
of each fiscal year. We strive to adjust pricing and/or the mix of people to
reduce the impact of compensation increases on our margin. Our ability to grow
our revenues and maintain or increase our margin could be adversely affected if
we are unable to: keep our supply of skills and resources in balance with
changes in the types or amounts of services and solutions clients are demanding;
recover increases in compensation; deploy our employees globally on a timely
basis; manage attrition; and/or effectively assimilate and utilize new
employees.
Gross margin (Revenues less Cost of services as a percentage of Revenues) for
fiscal 2021 was 32.4%, compared with 31.5% for fiscal 2020. The increase in
gross margin for fiscal 2021 was due to lower non-payroll costs, primarily for
travel, partially offset by an increase in labor costs, including a one-time
bonus for all employees below the managing director level in the second quarter
of fiscal 2021.
Sales and marketing and General and administrative costs as a percentage of
revenues were 17.3% for fiscal 2021, compared with 16.8% for fiscal 2020. For
fiscal 2021 compared to fiscal 2020, Sales and marketing costs as a percentage
of revenues increased 10 basis points and General and administrative costs as a
percentage of revenues increased 40 basis points, primarily due to higher
non-payroll costs.
Operating margin (Operating income as a percentage of revenues) for fiscal 2021
was 15.1%, compared with 14.7% for fiscal 2020.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                31


During fiscal 2021 and 2020, we recorded gains of $271 million and $332 million
and related tax expense of $41 million and $52 million, respectively, related to
our investment in Duck Creek Technologies. For additional information, see Note
1 (Summary of Significant Accounting Policies) to our Consolidated Financial
Statements under Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."
The effective tax rates for fiscal 2021 and 2020 were 22.8% and 23.5%,
respectively. Absent the investment gains and related tax expense, our effective
tax rates for fiscal 2021 and 2020 would have been 23.1% and 23.9%,
respectively.
Diluted earnings per share were $9.16 for fiscal 2021, compared with $7.89 for
fiscal 2020. The $230 million and $280 million gains on an investment, net of
taxes, increased diluted earnings per share by $0.36 and $0.43 in fiscal 2021
and 2020, respectively. Excluding the impact of these gains, diluted earnings
per share would have been $8.80 and $7.46 for fiscal 2021 and 2020,
respectively.
We have presented our effective tax rate and diluted earnings per share
excluding the impact of gains related to an investment in fiscal 2021 and 2020,
as we believe doing so facilitates understanding as to the impact of these items
and our performance in comparison to the prior period.
Our operating income and diluted earnings per share are affected by currency
exchange rate fluctuations on revenues and costs. Most of our costs are incurred
in the same currency as the related revenues. Where practical, we seek to manage
foreign currency exposure for costs not incurred in the same currency as the
related revenues, such as the costs associated with our global delivery model,
by using currency protection provisions in our customer contracts and through
our hedging programs. We seek to manage our costs, taking into consideration the
residual positive and negative effects of changes in foreign exchange rates on
those costs. For more information on our hedging programs, see Note 9 (Financial
Instruments) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial
Statements and Supplementary Data."
Bookings
New bookings for fiscal 2021 were $59.3 billion, with consulting bookings of
$30.6 billion and outsourcing bookings of $28.7 billion, compared to $49.6
billion in fiscal 2020, with consulting bookings of $25.8 billion and
outsourcing bookings of $23.7 billion.
We provide information regarding our new bookings, which include new contracts,
including those acquired through acquisitions, as well as renewals, extensions
and changes to existing contracts, because we believe doing so provides useful
trend information regarding changes in the volume of our new business over time.
New bookings can vary significantly quarter to quarter depending in part on the
timing of the signing of a small number of large outsourcing contracts. The
types of services and solutions clients are demanding and the pace and level of
their spending may impact the conversion of new bookings to revenues. For
example, outsourcing bookings, which are typically for multi-year contracts,
generally convert to revenue over a longer period of time compared to consulting
bookings.
Information regarding our new bookings is not comparable to, nor should it be
substituted for, an analysis of our revenues over time. New bookings involve
estimates and judgments. There are no third-party standards or requirements
governing the calculation of bookings. We do not update our new bookings for
material subsequent terminations or reductions related to bookings originally
recorded in prior fiscal years. New bookings are recorded using then-existing
foreign currency exchange rates and are not subsequently adjusted for foreign
currency exchange rate fluctuations.
The majority of our contracts are terminable by the client on short notice with
little or no termination penalties, and some without notice. Only the
non-cancelable portion of these contracts is included in our remaining
performance obligations disclosed in Note 2 (Revenues) to our Consolidated
Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary
Data." Accordingly, a significant portion of what we consider contract bookings
is not included in our remaining performance obligations.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                32


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with U.S.
generally accepted accounting principles requires us to make estimates and
assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and
disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Consolidated
Financial Statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses. We
continually evaluate our estimates, judgments and assumptions based on available
information and experience. Because the use of estimates is inherent in the
financial reporting process, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Certain of our accounting policies require higher degrees of judgment than
others in their application. These include certain aspects of accounting for
revenue recognition and income taxes.
Revenue Recognition
Determining the method and amount of revenue to recognize requires us to make
judgments and estimates. Specifically, complex arrangements with nonstandard
terms and conditions may require contract interpretation to determine the
appropriate accounting, including whether promised goods and services specified
in an arrangement are distinct performance obligations and should be accounted
for separately. Other judgments include determining whether performance
obligations are satisfied over time or at a point in time and the selection of
the method to measure progress towards completion.
We measure progress towards completion for technology integration consulting
services using costs incurred to date relative to total estimated costs at
completion. Revenues, including estimated fees, are recorded proportionally as
costs are incurred. The amount of revenue recognized for these contracts in a
period is dependent on our ability to estimate total contract costs. We
continually evaluate our estimates of total contract costs based on available
information and experience.
Additionally, the nature of our contracts gives rise to several types of
variable consideration, including incentive fees. Many contracts include
incentives or penalties related to costs incurred, benefits produced or
adherence to schedules that may increase the variability in revenues and margins
earned on such contracts. We conduct reviews prior to signing such contracts to
evaluate whether these incentives are reasonably achievable. Our estimates are
monitored over the lives of our contracts and are based on an assessment of our
anticipated performance, historical experience and other information available
at the time.
For additional information, see Note 2 (Revenues) to our Consolidated Financial
Statements under Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."
Income Taxes
Determining the consolidated provision for income tax expense, income tax
liabilities and deferred tax assets and liabilities involves judgment. Deferred
tax assets and liabilities, measured using enacted tax rates, are recognized for
the future tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax and
financial statement bases of assets and liabilities. As a global company, we
calculate and provide for income taxes in each of the tax jurisdictions in which
we operate. This involves estimating current tax exposures in each jurisdiction
as well as making judgments regarding the recoverability of deferred tax assets.
Tax exposures can involve complex issues and may require an extended period to
resolve. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we consider
whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax
assets will not be realized and adjust the valuation allowances accordingly.
Factors considered in making this determination include the period of expiration
of the tax asset, planned use of the tax asset, tax planning strategies and
historical and projected taxable income as well as tax liabilities for the tax
jurisdiction in which the tax asset is located. Valuation allowances will be
subject to change in each future reporting period as a result of changes in one
or more of these factors. Changes in the geographic mix or estimated level of
annual income before taxes can affect the overall effective tax rate.
We apply an estimated annual effective tax rate to our quarterly operating
results to determine the interim provision for income tax expense. A change in
judgment that impacts the measurement of a tax position taken in a prior year is
recognized as a discrete item in the interim period in which the change occurs.
In the event there is a significant unusual or infrequent item recognized in our
quarterly operating results, the tax attributable to that item is recorded in
the interim period in which it occurs. We release stranded tax effects from
Accumulated other comprehensive loss using the specific identification approach
for our defined benefit plans and the portfolio approach for other items.
No taxes have been provided on undistributed foreign earnings that are planned
to be indefinitely reinvested. If future events, including material changes in
estimates of cash, working capital and long-term investment requirements,
necessitate that these earnings be distributed, an additional provision for
taxes may apply, which could materially affect our future effective tax rate. We
currently do not foresee any event that would require us to distribute these
indefinitely reinvested earnings. For additional information, see Note 11
(Income Taxes) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial
Statements and Supplementary Data."

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                33


As a matter of course, we are regularly audited by various taxing authorities,
and sometimes these audits result in proposed assessments where the ultimate
resolution may result in us owing additional taxes. We establish tax liabilities
or reduce tax assets when, despite our belief that our tax return positions are
appropriate and supportable under local tax law, we believe we may not succeed
in realizing the tax benefit of certain positions if challenged. In evaluating a
tax position, we determine whether it is more likely than not that the position
will be sustained upon examination, including resolution of any related appeals
or litigation processes, based on the technical merits of the position. Our
estimate of the ultimate tax liability contains assumptions based on past
experiences, judgments about potential actions by taxing jurisdictions as well
as judgments about the likely outcome of issues that have been raised by taxing
jurisdictions. The tax position is measured at the largest amount of benefit
that is greater than 50 percent likely of being realized upon settlement. We
evaluate tax positions each quarter and adjust the related tax liabilities or
assets in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the progress of a
tax audit or the expiration of a statute of limitations. We believe the
estimates and assumptions used to support our evaluation of tax positions are
reasonable. However, final determinations of prior-year tax liabilities, either
by settlement with tax authorities or expiration of statutes of limitations,
could be materially different from estimates reflected in assets and liabilities
and historical income tax provisions. The outcome of these final determinations
could have a material effect on our income tax provision, net income, or cash
flows in the period in which that determination is made. We believe our tax
positions comply with applicable tax law and that we have adequately accounted
for these positions.
Revenues by Segment/Geographic Market
Effective March 1, 2020, we began managing our business under a new growth model
through our three geographic markets, North America, Europe and Growth Markets,
which became our reportable segments in the third quarter of fiscal 2020. Prior
to this change, our reportable segments were our five industry groups,
Communications, Media & Technology, Financial Services, Health & Public Service,
Products and Resources.
In addition to reporting revenues by geographic market, we also report revenues
by two types of work: consulting and outsourcing, which represent the services
sold by our geographic markets. Consulting revenues, which include strategy,
management and technology consulting and technology integration consulting,
reflect a finite, distinct project or set of projects with a defined outcome and
typically a defined set of specific deliverables. Outsourcing revenues typically
reflect ongoing, repeatable services or capabilities provided to transition, run
and/or manage operations of client systems or business functions.
From time to time, our geographic markets work together to sell and implement
certain contracts. The resulting revenues and costs from these contracts may be
apportioned among the participating geographic markets. Generally, operating
expenses for each geographic market have similar characteristics and are subject
to the same factors, pressures and challenges. However, the economic environment
and its effects on the industries served by our geographic markets affect
revenues and operating expenses within our geographic markets to differing
degrees. The mix between consulting and outsourcing is not uniform among our
geographic markets. Local currency fluctuations also tend to affect our
geographic markets differently, depending on the geographic concentrations and
locations of their businesses.
While we provide discussion about our results of operations below, we cannot
measure how much of our revenue growth in a particular period is attributable to
changes in price or volume. Management does not track standard measures of unit
or rate volume. Instead, our measures of volume and price are extremely complex,
as each of our services contracts is unique, reflecting a customized mix of
specific services that does not fit into standard comparability measurements.
Revenue for our services is a function of the nature of each service to be
provided, the skills required and the outcome sought, as well as estimated cost,
risk, contract terms and other factors.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                34


Results of Operations for Fiscal 2021 Compared to Fiscal 2020
Revenues by geographic market, industry group and type of work are as follows:

                                                                                      Percent                 Percent
                                                                                     Increase                Increase                Percent of Total
                                                                                   (Decrease)              (Decrease)                    Revenues
                                                  Fiscal                                 U.S.                   Local                   for Fiscal
(in millions of U.S. dollars)                 2021              2020                  Dollars                Currency                  2021                2020
GEOGRAPHIC MARKETS
North America                          $ 23,701$ 20,982                       13  %                   12  %                 47  %               47  %
Europe                                   16,749            14,402                       16                       8                    33                  32
Growth Markets                           10,083             8,943                       13                      11                    20                  20
TOTAL REVENUES                         $ 50,533$ 44,327                       14  %                   11  %                100  %              100  %
INDUSTRY GROUPS (1)
Communications, Media & Technology     $ 10,286$  8,883                       16  %                   14  %                 20  %               20  %
Financial Services                        9,933             8,519                       17                      13                    20                  19
Health & Public Service                   9,498             8,024                       18                      16                    19                  18
Products                                 13,954            12,287                       14                      10                    28                  28
Resources                                 6,863             6,614                        4                       1                    14                  15
TOTAL REVENUES                         $ 50,533$ 44,327                       14  %                   11  %                100  %              100  %
TYPE OF WORK
Consulting                             $ 27,338$ 24,227                       13  %                    9  %                 54  %               55  %
Outsourcing                              23,196            20,100                       15                      13                    46                  45
TOTAL REVENUES                         $ 50,533$ 44,327                       14  %                   11  %                100  %              100  %


Amounts in table may not total due to rounding.
(1)Effective September 1, 2020, we revised the reporting of our industry groups
to include amounts previously reported in Other. Prior period amounts have been
reclassified to conform with the current period presentation.
Revenues
Revenues were impacted by a reduction of approximately 1% from a decline in
revenues from reimbursable travel costs in fiscal 2021 across all markets. The
following revenues commentary discusses local currency revenue changes for
fiscal 2021 compared to fiscal 2020:
Geographic Markets
•North America revenues increased 12% in local currency, led by growth in Public
Service, Software & Platforms and Banking & Capital Markets. These increases
were partially offset by a decline in Energy. Revenue growth was driven by the
United States.
•Europe revenues increased 8% in local currency, led by growth in Consumer
Goods, Retail & Travel Services, Banking & Capital Markets, Software &
Platforms, Industrial and Life Sciences. Revenue growth was driven by the United
Kingdom, Italy, Germany and Switzerland.
•Growth Markets revenues increased 11% in local currency, led by growth in
Banking & Capital Markets, Public Service and Consumer Goods, Retail & Travel
Services. Revenue growth was driven by Japan.
Operating Expenses
Operating expenses for fiscal 2021 increased $5,098 million, or 13%, over fiscal
2020, and decreased as a percentage of revenues to 84.9% from 85.3% during this
period.





--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                35

Operating expenses by category are as follows:

                                                         Fiscal
                                                                                               Increase
(in millions of U.S. dollars)               2021                       2020                  (Decrease)
Operating Expenses                 $ 42,912        84.9  %    $ 37,813        85.3  %    $      5,098
Cost of services                     34,169        67.6         30,351        68.5              3,818
Sales and marketing                   5,288        10.5          4,626        10.4                662

General and administrative costs 3,454 6.8 2,837

    6.4                618


Amounts in table may not total due to rounding.


Cost of Services
Cost of services for fiscal 2021 increased $3,818 million, or 13%, over fiscal
2020, and decreased as a percentage of revenues to 67.6% from 68.5% during this
period. Gross margin for fiscal 2021 increased to 32.4% from 31.5% in fiscal
2020. The increase in gross margin for fiscal 2021 was primarily due to lower
non-payroll costs, primarily for travel, partially offset by an increase in
labor costs, including a one-time bonus for all employees below the managing
director level in the second quarter of fiscal 2021.
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expense for fiscal 2021 increased $662 million, or 14%, over
fiscal 2020, and increased as a percentage of revenues to 10.5% from 10.4%
during this period.
General and Administrative Costs
General and administrative costs for fiscal 2021 increased $618 million, or 22%,
over fiscal 2020, and increased as a percentage of revenues to 6.8% from 6.4%
during this period. The increase as a percentage of revenues was primarily due
to higher non-payroll costs.
Operating Income and Operating Margin
Operating income for fiscal 2021 increased $1,108 million, or 17%, over fiscal
2020. Operating margin for fiscal 2021 was 15.1%, compared with 14.7% for fiscal
2020.
Operating income and operating margin for each of the geographic markets are as
follows:
                                                          Fiscal
                                           2021                           2020
                                   Operating      Operating       Operating      Operating         Increase
(in millions of U.S. dollars)         Income         Margin          Income         Margin       (Decrease)
North America                   $    3,908            16  %    $    3,170            15  %    $       738
Europe                               2,236            13            1,799            12               437
Growth Markets                       1,477            15            1,545            17               (67)
TOTAL                           $    7,622          15.1  %    $    6,514          14.7  %    $     1,108


Amounts in table may not total due to rounding.
We estimate that the aggregate percentage impact of foreign currency exchange
rates on our operating income during fiscal 2021 was similar to that disclosed
for revenue for each geographic market. The reduction in travel costs during
fiscal 2021 had a favorable impact on operating income. In addition, during
fiscal 2021 each geographic market's operating income was unfavorably impacted
by higher labor costs, including a one-time bonus in the second quarter of
fiscal 2021 equal to one week of base pay for all employees below the managing
director level. The commentary below provides insight into other factors
affecting geographic market performance and operating income for fiscal 2021
compared with fiscal 2020:
•North America operating income increased primarily due to revenue growth,
higher consulting contract profitability and lower sales and marketing costs as
a percentage of revenues.
•Europe operating income increased primarily due to revenue growth and higher
contract profitability.
•Growth Markets operating income decreased as revenue growth was offset by lower
contract profitability and higher sales and marketing costs as a percentage of
revenues.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                36


Other Income (Expense), net
Other income (expense), net primarily consists of foreign currency gains and
losses, non-operating components of pension expense, as well as gains and losses
associated with our investments. During fiscal 2021, other income (expense)
decreased $59 million from fiscal 2020, primarily due to lower gains on
investments, including lower gains related to our investment in Duck Creek
Technologies, partially offset by lower foreign currency losses. For additional
information on investments, see Note 1 (Summary of Significant Accounting
Policies) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial
Statements and Supplementary Data."
Income Tax Expense
The effective tax rate for fiscal 2021 was 22.8%, compared with 23.5% for fiscal
2020. Absent the $271 million and $332 million gains on an investment and
related $41 million and $52 million in tax expense, our effective tax rates for
fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 would have been 23.1% and 23.9%, respectively. The
lower effective tax rate for fiscal 2021 was primarily due to changes in the
geographic distribution of earnings. For additional information, see Note 11
(Income Taxes) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial
Statements and Supplementary Data."
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests reflects the income earned
or expense incurred attributable to the equity interest that some current and
former members of Accenture Leadership and their permitted transferees have in
our Accenture Canada Holdings Inc. subsidiary. See "Business-Organizational
Structure." Noncontrolling interests also includes amounts primarily
attributable to noncontrolling shareholders in our Avanade Inc. subsidiary. Net
income attributable to Accenture plc represents the income attributable to the
shareholders of Accenture plc.
Earnings Per Share
Diluted earnings per share were $9.16 for fiscal 2021, compared with $7.89 for
fiscal 2020. The $230 million and $280 million gains on an investment, net of
taxes, increased diluted earnings per share by $0.36 and $0.43 in fiscal 2021
and 2020, respectively. Excluding the impact of these gains, diluted earnings
per share would have been $8.80 and $7.46 for fiscal 2021 and 2020,
respectively. For information regarding our earnings per share calculations, see
Note 3 (Earnings Per Share) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item
8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."
The increase in diluted earnings per share is due to the following factors:
Earnings Per Share                                       Fiscal 2021
FY20 As Reported                                      $       7.89
Revenue and operating results                                 1.30
Lower effective tax rate                                      0.09
Lower share count                                             0.03

Net Income attributable to noncontrolling interests (0.01) Non-operating income

                                         (0.07)
Lower gains on an investment, net of tax                     (0.07)
FY21 As Reported                                      $       9.16

Results of Operations for Fiscal 2020 Compared to Fiscal 2019 Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2020 includes a discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for the year ended August 31, 2019 in Item 7 of Part II, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                37


Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash flows from operations, available cash
reserves and debt capacity available under various credit facilities. We could
raise additional funds through other public or private debt or equity
financings. We may use our available or additional funds to, among other things:
•facilitate purchases, redemptions and exchanges of shares and pay dividends;
•acquire complementary businesses or technologies;
•take advantage of opportunities, including more rapid expansion; or
•develop new services and solutions.
As of August 31, 2021, Cash and cash equivalents were $8.2 billion, compared
with $8.4 billion as of August 31, 2020.
Cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities, as reflected in
our Consolidated Cash Flows Statements, are summarized in the following table:
                                                                          

Fiscal

(in millions of U.S. dollars)                                      2021              2020            Change
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities                                        $  8,975$  8,215$    760
Investing activities                                          (4,310)           (1,895)           (2,415)
Financing activities                                          (4,926)           (4,049)             (877)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash
equivalents                                                       14                17                (3)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents $ (247)

$ 2,288$ (2,536)



Amounts in table may not total due to rounding.
Operating activities: The $760 million increase in operating cash flows was due
to higher net income, partially offset by changes in operating assets and
liabilities.
Investing activities: The $2,415 million increase in cash used was due to higher
spending on business acquisitions and investments, partially offset by increased
proceeds from investments. For additional information, see Note 6 (Business
Combinations) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial
Statements and Supplementary Data."
Financing activities: The $877 million increase in cash used was primarily due
to an increase in the net purchases of shares as well as an increase in cash
dividends paid, partially offset by an increase in net proceeds from share
issuances. For additional information, see Note 14 (Shareholders' Equity) to our
Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial Statements and
Supplementary Data."
We believe that our current and longer-term working capital, investments and
other general corporate funding requirements will be satisfied for the next
twelve months and thereafter through cash flows from operations and, to the
extent necessary, from our borrowing facilities and future financial market
activities.
Substantially all of our cash is held in jurisdictions where there are no
regulatory restrictions or material tax effects on the free flow of funds. In
addition, domestic cash inflows for our Irish parent, principally dividend
distributions from lower-tier subsidiaries, have been sufficient to meet our
historic cash requirements, and we expect this to continue into the future.
Borrowing Facilities
See Note 10 (Borrowings and Indebtedness) and Note 8 (Leases) to our
Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial Statements and
Supplementary Data."
Share Purchases and Redemptions
We intend to continue to use a significant portion of cash generated from
operations for share repurchases during fiscal 2022. The number of shares
ultimately repurchased under our open-market share purchase program may vary
depending on numerous factors, including, without limitation, share price and
other market conditions, our ongoing capital allocation planning, the levels of
cash and debt balances, other demands for cash, such as acquisition activity,
general economic and/or business conditions, and board and management
discretion. Additionally, as these factors may change over the course of the
year, the amount of share repurchase activity during any particular period
cannot be predicted and may fluctuate from time to time. Share repurchases may
be made from time to time through open-market purchases, in respect of purchases
and redemptions of Accenture Canada Holdings Inc. exchangeable shares, through
the use of Rule 10b5-1 plans and/or by

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Table of Contents
                                          Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
ACCENTURE 2021 FORM 10-K                  Condition and Results of Operations                                38


other means. The repurchase program may be accelerated, suspended, delayed or
discontinued at any time, without notice. For additional information, see Note
14 (Shareholders' Equity) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8,
"Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."
Subsequent Events
See Note 14 (Shareholders' Equity) to our Consolidated Financial Statements
under Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
In the normal course of business and in conjunction with some client
engagements, we have entered into contractual arrangements through which we may
be obligated to indemnify clients with respect to certain matters. To date, we
have not been required to make any significant payment under any of these
arrangements. For further discussion of these transactions, see Note 15
(Commitments and Contingencies) to our Consolidated Financial Statements under
Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."
New Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 (Summary of Significant Accounting Policies) to our Consolidated
Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary
Data."

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table of Contents

© Edgar Online, source Glimpses

All news about ACCENTURE PLC
09:24aAccenture Invests in Supply Chain Risk Management Firm Interos
MT
08:52aGenesys valued at $21 bln after latest funding round
RE
08:49aNEWS : Accenture makes strategic investment in @InterosInc to help clients monitor global ..
AQ
08:00aAccenture Invests in Operational Resilience and Supply Chain Cybersecurity Company Inte..
BU
12/01Headspring is now part of Accenture.
AQ
12/01Accenture Buys Headspring's Consulting Practice For Undisclosed Sum
MT
12/01Accenture Acquires Headspring to Expand and Enhance Cloud First Platform Engineering Ca..
BU
12/01Accenture Completes Acquisition of King James Group
AQ
12/01Accenture Promotes 1,030 New Managing Directors and Appoints 143 New Senior Managing Di..
BU
12/01Accenture plc acquired Headspring, Lp.
CI
More news
Analyst Recommendations on ACCENTURE PLC
More recommendations