FALMOUTH, England, June 12 (Reuters) - The head of the World
Trade Organization said there was a pathway for a global deal to
get more COVID-19 vaccines to developing countries, despite a
split over whether drugs firms should be stripped of their
intellectual property rights.
WTO Director-General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, speaking to
reporters before joining discussions among leaders of the Group
of Seven nations, said she was hopeful there would be more
clarity on the way ahead for the IP waiver issue by July.
"It may be difficult because some of the positions, maybe,
are a little bit far apart, but there is a pathway," she said.
"I would very much like to see some form of progress by July."
WTO members agreed on Wednesday to start formal talks on a
plan to boost COVID-19 vaccine supply to developing countries
but the battle lines are drawn for tough negotiations.
South Africa and India, backed by many emerging nations,
want a temporary waiver of IP rights on vaccines and other
treatments to allow local manufacturers to produce shots.
U.S. President Joe Biden has said he backs a temporary
waiver. But other developed nations, many home to large
pharmaceutical companies, say such a move would not boost
production and could undermine research and development.
Okonjo-Iweala said the debate had moved ahead with the
agreement to start the negotiations.
"We hope that this will happen in a way that can accelerate
agreement into something pragmatic, that will work for
developing countries and at the same time protect research and
innovation," she said.
As well as reaching a deal on IP, countries had to scale
back restrictions on exports of materials used in production and
back a $50 billion plan to accelerate local vaccine rollouts,
the WTO leader added.
WTO members are due to discuss next week the format of
negotiations with a view to producing a report by July 21-22.
The G7 leaders, holding a summit in southwest England,
agreed on Friday to donate 1 billion COVID-19 vaccine doses to
poorer countries, something the United Nations and campaign
groups said fell short of what is needed.
Separately, Okonjo-Iweala said she was hoping for a
"significant advance" in talks on fishery subsidies by July
"even if we don't get to a conclusion which is quite possible".
She is due to host a meeting of WTO member countries on July
15 to try to cut fisheries subsidies after 20 years of talks.
(Reporting by William Schomberg
Editing by Frances Kerry)