* India's emission pledge "quite ambitious" -minister
* NDCs are more progressive than major polluters -minister
* Cabinet to take final call on COP26 in a week
NEW DELHI, Oct 21 (Reuters) - Indian Prime Minister Narendra
Modi will attend the U.N. climate summit in Glasgow, the
environment minister said on Thursday, in a boost for efforts to
agree steeper emissions cuts to tackle global warming.
India is the world's third-biggest emitter of greenhouse
gases after China and the United States, and Modi's
participation in the COP26 summit, which runs from Oct. 31 to
Nov. 12, was seen as critical amid uncertainty over whether
Chinese President Xi Jinping would attend https://www.reuters.com/business/environment/cop26-glasgow-who-is-going-who-is-not-2021-10-15.
Both India and China, which have not yet made stronger
pledges to cut emissions, known as nationally determined
contributions or NDCs, face pressure to do so at the conference.
"The prime minister is going to Glasgow," Environment
Minister Bhupender Yadav said in an interview, adding that India
was doing its bit to help tackle climate change.
Summit host Britain welcomed Modi's decision to attend.
"India plays an important role in this and the prime
minister has had a number of conversations with Modi on the
importance of climate change, so we look forward to discussing
it with them further," Prime Minister Boris Johnson's spokesman
Growing public pressure for action on climate change has
spurred promises by countries and companies worldwide to
contribute to the effort, which will be reviewed and amended at
U.S. climate envoy John Kerry has visited India twice in the
past few months to urge the Modi government to raise its climate
ambition and consider a net zero commitment as scores of other
countries have done.
Net zero means balancing out greenhouse gas emissions with
actions such as planting trees, restoring soil and using
technology to prevent emissions reaching the atmosphere.
But energy-hungry India, which still relies heavily on
fossil fuels, says it should not be expected to make deep carbon
cuts like rich countries because it is a developing economy.
INDIA WEIGHS GLASGOW STANCE
India's Cabinet, chaired by Modi, will decide the position
to be taken at COP26, most probably within a week, an
environment ministry spokesperson said.
Yadav said India was doing its part to cut emissions.
"India's NDCs are quite ambitious," he said. "We are doing
more than our fair share. Our NDCs are more progressive than
The country is on track to increase green energy capacity to
450 GW by 2030, he said. It has installed more than 100 GW of
renewable energy, which accounts for more than 25% of overall
India has not yet committed to achieving net zero carbon
emissions by 2050, considered a vital goal in limiting global
warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Government sources have told Reuters that India is unlikely
to bind itself to that goal, as tougher deadlines would hit
demand growth that is projected to outstrip that of any other
nation over the next two decades.
Last month, India's chief economic adviser K.V. Subramanian
said rich nations should commit much more than $100 billion to
help poor countries fight climate change, due to their high
historical share of emissions.
"Even today, India's per capita greenhouse emission is
one-third of the world average," Yadav said.
About 120 countries have submitted revised NDCs, but there
is a lack of consistency with no common timeframe for meeting
(Reporting by Neha Arora; Additional reporting by Kylie
MacLellan in London;Editing by Sanjeev Miglani, Clarence
Fernandez and Gareth Jones)