Telenor https://www.reuters.com/business/media-telecom/telenor-sells-myanmar-operations-m1-group-105-mln-2021-07-08, one of the biggest foreign investors in Myanmar, said in July it was selling its operations there to M1 Group for $105 million, retreating from a country that has slid into chaos after a military coup in February last year.
Its exit has been mired in difficulties as the junta piles pressure on telecom and internet companies to install surveillance technology and bars senior executives from leaving the country.
Military leaders late last year rejected the sale solely to M1.
Instead, they privately approved a partnership between M1 Group and Myanmar's Shwe Byain Phyu Group, the three sources said. Two of the sources said Shwe Byain Phyu would be the majority shareholder. They declined to be identified because of the sensitivity of the matter.
Shwe Byain Phyu is a group of companies with interests in gem mining and petrol stations. Its chairman, Thein Win Zaw, is a director of Mahar Yoma Public Company, part of a consortium that has a stake in the military-owned telco Mytel, corporate records show. He did not respond to a request from Reuters for comment on the sale and his links to the military.
An October order from the office of junta leader Min Aung Hlaing seen by Reuters instructed officials at the Ministry of Transport and Communications, the regulatory body, to reject the sale to M1 Group, which is owned by the family of Lebanese Prime Minister Najib Mikati.
The order did not state a reason but the sources familiar with the matter said the junta favoured a local buyer.
Representatives of M1 Group, which is based in Beirut, did not immediately answer phone calls from Reuters seeking comment. A junta representative did not respond to requests for comment.
The decision was not made public and one person briefed on the matter said it was not conveyed to Telenor.
A spokesperson for Telenor said it was waiting for a response to its application for regulatory approval of the sale and declined to comment further.
In November, Reuters reported https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/telenor-sale-myanmar-unit-stalls-junta-seeks-local-buyer-participation-sources-2021-11-09 that several Myanmar firms had expressed an interest in buying Telenor Myanmar's operations and that M1 had held talks with Shwe Byain Phyu about a partnership.
The two firms made a joint proposal to take over the Telenor unit that was accepted by the junta leadership a month later, the industry sources said.
Two of the sources said the new venture would be named Atom.
Activists have expressed concerns that Telenor's exit could deepen the junta's surveillance of the population. It is one of four telecom operators in Myanmar, alongside Qatar's Ooredoo, state-backed MPT and Mytel, which is part-owned by a military-linked company.
Activist group Justice for Myanmar called on Telenor on Friday to suspend the sale.
"The fact that Shwe Byain Phyu is a buyer, a conglomerate with known links to the Myanmar military, deepens the risk to Myanmar people, whose personal data is exposed through the sale," spokesperson Yadanar Maung told Reuters.
Telenor has said its handover to a new buyer would include all assets, including call data records, in accordance with licence obligations.
Reuters found last year telecom and internet service providers had been secretly ordered https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/how-myanmars-military-moved-telecoms-sector-spy-citizens-2021-05-18 in the months before the coup to install intercept technology that would allow the army to eavesdrop on the communications of citizens.
Telenor said https://www.reuters.com/world/norways-telenor-says-myanmar-unit-sale-came-after-juntas-pressure-surveillance-2021-09-15 in September it was pulling out of the country to avoid European Union sanctions after "continued pressure" from the junta to activate the technology.
Since the Feb. 1 coup, Myanmar security forces have killed more than 1,400 people and arrested thousands to try to crush opposition, the non-governmental organisation Assistance Association for Political Prisoners said.
The junta disputes the casualty figures.
The military seized power alleging widespread fraud in a November 2020 election won by a landslide by the civilian government led by Aung San Suu Kyi. International and local monitoring groups said there were no major irregularities with the vote.
The junta has imposed nationwide and regional shutdowns of mobile data, making it harder for democracy activists to organise protests. It also issued a confidential order https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/exclusive-after-pressuring-telecom-firms-myanmars-junta-bans-executives-leaving-2021-07-05 in July restricting senior foreign telecom executives from leaving the country without permission.
(Reporting by Poppy McPherson and Fanny Potkin; editing by Barbara Lewis and Carmel Crimmins)
By Poppy McPherson and Fanny Potkin