European stocks fell as investors digest rising inflation uncertainties.
The pan-continental Stoxx Europe 600 fell 1.1%, led by losses among tech stocks.
Some investors are recalibrating portfolios to prepare for the gradual end of the ultra-supportive monetary policies employed to see the economy through the worst of the coronavirus-driven downturn. Rising yields make bonds more attractive than equities, especially highly-valued tech stocks for which investors count on profit growth far into the future.
"People are realising, or at least remembering, that central banks are going to have to start raising rates," said Altaf Kassam, head of investment strategy for State Street Global Advisors in Europe. "The patient has become used to being given all these drugs, but soon those drugs are going to have to be reduced."
While stock traders were already mulling the prospect of a less accommodative environment sparked by rising costs, surging energy prices are increasing concerns, particularly with the energy crisis expected to worsen, ActivTrades said.
"Stocks with exacerbated valuations, like the tech sector, are the most vulnerable in this context of rising uncertainty," ActivTrades analyst Pierre Veyret said.
"This 'risk-off' situation can also be found in other assets, with bond yields reaching new highs in both Europe and the U.S."
Shares on the move:
Chip giant ASML fell nearly 6%. Fintech payments company Adyen slipped nearly 5%.
Data in focus:
The Social Democrats party was the narrow winner of the German election, but the Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union will also attempt to form a coalition and both will need the Green party and the Free Democrats--FDP--to form a majority government, Oxford Economics said.
"We continue to see only limited forecast implications either way," Oxford Economics chief German economist Oliver Rakau said.
The strong showing of the Green party implies an accelerated green transformation, but the FDP's support for the debt brake suggests the impact on investment may be limited.
Therefore, Oxford Economics sees limited room for a significant loosening of the fiscal stance and no real appetite for a fundamental overhaul of European Union's fiscal rules.
The impact from the fuel shortages to the U.K. economy is likely to be modest and short-lived, Pantheon Macroeconomics said.
Panic-buying of fuel in the U.K. is likely to fade soon and there is no signs of shortages fears spreading to food or other goods, it said. "Demand should revert to near-normal levels by the end of this week," Pantheon said.
However, there may be some economic impact as the surge in spending on petrol will have left households with less money to spend in other categories, people may take fewer trips in order to preserve fuel, shortages could damage consumer confidence and businesses might pass higher costs to consumers, it said.
U.S. government bond yields hit their highest level in three months and stock futures sagged as investors rotated out of interest-rate sensitive technology stocks.
Investors have been shunning government bonds since last week's Federal Open Market Committee meeting, as traders brought forward expectations for the first rate hike into late 2022. Markets are also giving roughly 50% odds the European Central Bank will join the Fed with a rate hike next year.
Fed Chair Jerome Powell is speaking on Tuesday in front of the Senate Banking Committee with Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, on the government's response to the coronavirus pandemic, and is due on Wednesday to speak at an ECB event.
"Powell would have to make some very strong arguments now to stop the current rise in yields," said Mark Grant, chief global strategist at B. Riley Financial.
"The 10 year Treasury has now broken through its technical resistance and things could get problematical."
Grant says investors should be selling bonds, and using yield-paying exchange-traded and closed-end funds as income substitutes.
The dollar rose along with U.S. Treasury yields before Fed Chair Jerome Powell's testimony to the Senate Banking Committee later. Powell will say that the Fed would raise interest rates if sustained higher inflation became a serious concern, according to pre-released comments of his testimony.
The DXY dollar index rises to a five-and-a-half-week high of 93.5940 and EUR/USD falls to a five-and-a-half-week low of 1.1674, according to FactSet.
"The DXY dollar index is still having difficulty climbing above the August high of 93.73 and this is reflected in the EUR/USD's ability to hold the line close to 1.17," Unicredit analysts said.
The ECB's loose policy stance means the euro looks vulnerable to rising short-term U.S. Treasury yields, ING said ahead of the ECB's Sintra forum later. EUR/USD could fall below the key 1.1665 support level today, ING analysts said.
ECB President Christine Lagarde will deliver Sintra's opening speech at 1200 GMT and "the focus will be on ECB's view on inflation--likely still viewed as transitory-- and any hints over how the end of the Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme scheme will be handled next March," the analysts said.
The shortage of truck drivers and lack of fuel at petrol stations in the U.K. are becoming increasingly serious but are so far having little impact on the pound, Commerzbank said.
"This is mainly due to the Bank of England, which is increasingly emphasizing its willingness to fight higher inflation risks (which supply bottlenecks also entail) with interest rate hikes if necessary," Commerzbank currency analyst Esther Reichelt said.BOE Governor
Andrew Bailey on Monday said that interest rates could be raised before Christmas if needed to stem inflation.
Expectations of tighter monetary policy and concerns about inflation pressures pushed bond yields higher.
The yield on the benchmark 10-Year Treasury note rose for a sixth consecutive day Tuesday, to 1.533%, from 1.482% Monday.
Until a government coalition is formed, German Bunds are more vulnerable to rising yields in the U.S. than the German election, said Steen Jakobsen, chief investment officer of Saxo Bank.
Jakobsen said that 10-year Bund yields are trading in a fast area, which may take them quickly to -0.15%. For now, he sees less of an impact from this past Sunday's election on Bund yields. "Although the German election may represent a big change for the European sovereign space, it will not set direction until a governing coalition is formed," he said.
Euro rates are currently being driven upwards by a global trend, said ING's rates strategists. "We think EUR rates had nothing more than a passenger's role in the rise of global rates of late," said ING's rates strategist team.
They add that European Central Bank speakers have made it "abundantly clear" that the recent, and upcoming, rise in inflation doesn't warrant a policy response. The key event for euro bond investors is the ECB's virtual conference starting Tuesday.
Oil prices rose, with both benchmarks hitting their highest prices in three years and Brent grazing the $80-a-barrel mark.
Both benchmarks have gained 11% or more over the past month, with growing signals that demand is running ahead of supply and that global inventories are falling. Adding to moves is a spate of bets on higher prices from analysts and traders.
Goldman Sachs raised its year-end Brent price to $90 Monday, while Trafigura and other trading houses have spoken out about their bullish predictions. The recent surge in natural gas prices has also helped bets that crude will benefit from excess demand.
Natural gas prices set fresh highs Tuesday. U.S. Henry Hub natural gas prices jumped 5.8% to $6.06 per million British thermal units, their highest since 2014.
Metal prices edged lower ahead of testimony from Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen to U.S. lawmakers. Three-month copper prices on the LME dropped 0.4% to $9,311.50 a metric ton while Comex gold futures fell 0.6% to $1,742.20 a troy ounce.
Powell is expected to tell lawmakers that a surge in inflation because of bottlenecks in supply chains has been larger and lasted longer than expected, but should abate in time.
Powell is also likely to be quizzed on the Fed's bond buying program after he said last week that the central bank could begin reducing asset purchases as soon as November.
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