* Shipping accounts for nearly 3% of CO2 emissions
* Industry goal not aligned with 2015 climate deal
* Unclear how new plan would achieve net zero
GLASGOW, Nov 10 (Reuters) - A coalition of 19 countries
including Britain and the United States on Wednesday agreed to
create zero emissions shipping trade routes between ports to
speed up the decarbonisation of the global maritime industry,
officials involved said.
Shipping, which transports about 90% of world trade,
accounts for nearly 3% of the world's CO2 emissions.
U.N. shipping agency the International Maritime Organization
(IMO) has said it aims to reduce overall greenhouse gas
emissions from ships by 50% from 2008 levels by 2050. The goal
is not aligned with the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change
and the sector is under pressure to be more ambitious.
The signatory countries involved in the 'Clydebank
Declaration', which was launched at the COP26 climate summit https://www.reuters.com/business/cop
in Glasgow, agreed to support the establishment of at least six
green corridors by 2025, which will require developing supplies
of zero emissions fuels, the infrastructure required for
decarbonisation and regulatory frameworks.
"It is our aspiration to see many more corridors in
operation by 2030," their mission statement said.
Britain's maritime minister Robert Courts said countries
alone would not be able to decarbonise shipping routes without
the commitment of private and non-governmental sectors.
"The UK and indeed many of the countries, companies and NGOs
here today believe zero emissions international shipping is
possible by 2050," Courts said at the launch.
U.S. Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg said the
declaration was "a big step forward for green shipping corridors
and collective action".
He said the United States was "pressing for the IMO to adopt
a goal of zero emissions for international shipping by 2050".
The IMOs Secretary General Kitack Lim said on Saturday: "We
must upgrade our ambition, keeping up with the latest
developments in the global community".
It was unclear how the green corridor commitments would get
to zero shipping emissions.
Madeline Rose, with green group Pacific Environment, said
"the Clydebank framework leaves room for delay tactics and
fossil fuel loopholes".
"We urge partner countries and ports to act quickly to set
immediate, interim and ultimately mandatory benchmarks to phase
out all fossil fuel ship pollution along their shared
corridors," Rose said.
INDUSTRY NEEDS REGULATORY HELP
Jan Dieleman, president of ocean transportation with agri
business giant Cargill, one of the world's biggest ship
charterers, said "the real challenge is to turn any statements
(at COP26) into something meaningful".
"The majority of the industry has accepted we need to
decarbonise," he told Reuters.
"Industry leadership needs to be followed up with global
regulation and policies to ensure industry-wide transformation.
We will not succeed without global regulation."
Christian Ingerslev, chief executive of Maersk Tankers,
which has over 210 oil products tankers under commercial
management, said it had spent over $30 million over the last
three years to bring their carbon emissions down through digital
"We need governments to not only back the regulatory push
but also to help create the zero emissions fuels at scale," he
"The only way this is going to work is to set a market-based
measure through a carbon tax."
Other signatory countries are Australia, Belgium, Canada,
Chile, Costa Rica, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany,
Republic of Ireland, Japan, Marshall Islands, Netherlands, New
Zealand, Norway and Sweden.
(Reporting by Jonathan Saul in London and Elizabeth Piper in
Glasgow; editing by Barbara Lewis)