Last year, the FCC designated Huawei and ZTE as national security threats to communications networks - a declaration that barred U.S. firms from tapping an $8.3 billion government fund to purchase equipment from the companies. The FCC in December adopted rules requiring carriers with ZTE or Huawei equipment to "rip and replace" that equipment.
"There is a serious risk that this equipment may be manipulated, disrupted or controlled by foreign actors," Acting FCC Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel said. "We will evaluate network after network, base station after base station and router after router until we have rooted out our equipment that could undermine national security. It's a daunting task."
The issue is a big one for rural carriers that face high costs and difficulty finding workers to remove and replace equipment.
Huawei said in a statement the rules "are simply an unrealistic attempt to fix what isn't broken. The FCC initiative only creates extraordinary challenges for carriers in the most rural/remote areas of the U.S. to maintain the same high level and quality of service they provide to their customers without disruption."
The FCC's final order expands the companies eligible for reimbursement from those with 2 million or fewer customers to those with 10 million or fewer customers.
The FCC in September 2020 estimated it would cost $1.837 billion to remove and replace Huawei and ZTE equipment from networks.
Last month, the FCC voted to advance a plan to ban approvals for equipment in U.S. telecommunications networks from Chinese companies deemed national security threats like Huawei and ZTE. The FCC could also revoke prior equipment authorizations issued to Chinese companies.
In March, the FCC designated five Chinese companies as posing a threat to national security under a 2019 law aimed at protecting U.S. communications networks.
The affected companies included the previously designated Huawei and ZTE, as well as Hytera Communications Corp, Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co and Zhejiang Dahua Technology Co.
In August 2020, the U.S. government barred federal agencies from buying goods or services from any of the five Chinese companies.
(Reporting by David Shepardson; editing by Marguerita Choy and Richard Pullin)
By David Shepardson