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Dollar gains after three-day fall as risk rally takes a breather

01/22/2021 | 03:51pm EST
FILE PHOTO: A picture illustration shows U.S. 100 dollar bank notes taken in Tokyo

NEW YORK (Reuters) - The dollar drifted higher on Friday after three straight days of losses, and riskier currencies fell, as bleak non-U.S. economic data gave global equity markets reason to pause after another week of record highs.

As a safe haven, the U.S. currency tends to rise in times of financial and economic stress that results in lower risk appetite.

The S&P 500 and the Dow along with U.S. Treasury yields were lower as well, suggesting a generally somber mood in financial markets.

The dollar did pare gains and riskier currencies cut losses earlier after upbeat U.S. economic data - a rise in factory activity to its highest in more than 13 years in January and an unexpected 0.7% gain in existing home sales.

The greenback had fallen against a basket of currencies for the past three sessions as market optimism about new U.S. President Joe Biden's fiscal stimulus plans prompted traders to seek riskier assets, producing gains in currencies such as the New Zealand and Australian dollar.

But that trend paused on Friday, as market sentiment pulled back. Global shares slipped off record highs as the U.S. dollar steadied, up 0.1% on the day at 90.209.

The dollar index though still posted its biggest weekly loss since mid-December.

"There is some indecision in the marketplace and risk sentiment has been soured a little bit," said Amo Sahota, executive director at currency advisory firm Klarity FX in San Francisco.

"The market has probably one eye on the Fed meeting next week, where they will likely throw a little bit more caution in the marketplace given the slower vaccine rollout and prolonged virus uplift globally."

U.S coronavirus deaths have now reached nearly 410,000, with close to 25 million cases.

The Federal Reserve next week will hold its first monetary policy meeting of the year and strategists expect the Fed to stay dovish, and officials "will probably note signs of slowing in the economy since the December meeting," NatWest Markets said in a research note.

Gloomy economic data also did little to brighten the mood, as UK data showed British retailers struggled to recover in December.

Economic activity in the euro zone shrank markedly in January as stringent lockdowns to contain the coronavirus pandemic hit the bloc's dominant service industry hard.

In afternoon trading, the dollar rose 0.3% against the yen to 103.815.

Data from Japan overnight showed factory activity slipped into contraction in January and the services sector was more pessimistic as emergency measures to combat a COVID-19 resurgence dampened sentiment.

The Australian dollar fell after disappointing retail sales data, but still posted weekly gains. It was last down 0.6% at US$0.7718.

The New Zealand dollar was down around 0.6% at US$0.7179 versus the U.S. dollar.

The euro was little changed at $1.2167.

The single currency rose on Thursday after the European Central Bank's policy rate announcement, with the ECB saying it might not need to use its full asset-purchase envelope.

The Norwegian crown, meanwhile, was hurt by lower commodity prices, slumping 1.1% against the dollar to 8.4940.

(Reporting by Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss; Editing by Mark Heinrich and Andrea Ricci)

By Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss

© Reuters 2021
Stocks mentioned in the article
ChangeLast1st jan.
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / CANADIAN DOLLAR (AUD/CAD) -1.11% 0.98072 Delayed Quote.1.37%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (AUD/JPY) -1.84% 82.113 Delayed Quote.5.35%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR (AUD/NZD) -0.32% 1.06453 Delayed Quote.-0.24%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / SWISS FRANC (AUD/CHF) -1.78% 0.69945 Delayed Quote.4.60%
AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR / US DOLLAR (AUD/USD) -2.03% 0.7703 Delayed Quote.2.19%
BRITISH POUND / AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR (GBP/AUD) 1.52% 1.80815 Delayed Quote.0.32%
BRITISH POUND / JAPANESE YEN (GBP/JPY) -0.33% 148.492 Delayed Quote.5.60%
CANADIAN DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (CAD/JPY) -0.85% 83.622 Delayed Quote.3.98%
DJ INDUSTRIAL -1.50% 30932.37 Delayed Quote.2.60%
DOW JONES FXCM DOLLAR INDEX 0.68% 11718.74 Delayed Quote.0.37%
EURO / AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR (EUR/AUD) 1.29% 1.56624 Delayed Quote.-2.55%
EURO / JAPANESE YEN (EUR/JPY) -0.54% 128.654 Delayed Quote.2.68%
EURO / US DOLLAR (EUR/USD) -0.70% 1.2071 Delayed Quote.-0.46%
JAPANESE YEN / SWISS FRANC (JPY/CHF) 0.11% 0.8522 Delayed Quote.-0.70%
NASDAQ 100 0.63% 12909.443133 Delayed Quote.-0.47%
NASDAQ COMP. 0.56% 13192.345407 Delayed Quote.2.36%
NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (NZD/JPY) -1.55% 77.105 Delayed Quote.5.67%
S&P 500 -0.48% 3811.15 Delayed Quote.1.95%
US DOLLAR / JAPANESE YEN (USD/JPY) 0.15% 106.55 Delayed Quote.3.09%
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